Lawyers for Indigenous child welfare agencies in Manitoba argued in court Tuesday that the provincial government misappropriated more than $250 million meant for vulnerable Indigenous children in care over a 13-year period.
A four-day civil trial is being held in Winnipeg this week after the agencies sued the government in 2018.
The lawsuit claims the province began clawing back money from agencies in 2006 when the NDP was in power.
The money was part of the federally run Children’s Special Allowance Act, which allows agencies to apply for a monthly payment from the federal government for children in care.
The practice of getting agencies to remit the funds continued when the Progressive Conservatives formed government in 2016.
“The children between 2006 and 2019 did not receive the (Children’s Special Allowance) … the province did receive it and it offset the amount of its costs,” said Kris Saxberg, who is part of the team representing 19 child welfare agencies.
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At the time the lawsuit was filed the agencies asked the courts to order the practice stopped, which the government eventually did in 2019.
In 2006, under the former NDP government, the province started to demand that all child-welfare agencies hand over the special allowance. Those funds were redirected to general revenues.
Many agencies refused at the time, an affidavit said, so the province started to hold back funding.
Other parties speaking on the case include lawyers for a former Child and Family Services executive, who is proposing a class-action lawsuit on behalf of children in care, and lawyers for the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, which says the province is abusing its power by enacting a clause in legislation that would prevent children in Manitoba from suing the government.
The assembly claims the Budget Implementation and Tax Statutes Amendment Act seeks to retroactively legalize the theft of the special allowance from First Nations children.
Lawyers for the child welfare agencies said the case is ultimately a dispute between Indigenous peoples and the province.
“We are dealing with the rights of Indigenous people in this case. The rights of Indigenous children,” said Saxberg.
“Anything to do with child welfare, anything to do with the taking of the Children’s Special Allowance affects Indigenous people.”
Money from the funds can be used to pay for food, recreation or shelter. They are equal to the maximum federal child benefit. The hearings are being held virtually due to the number of people participating.
Two youths who have been in care sat with Saxberg and others at their office, but they did not provide comments.
One 18-year-old woman, who has been a permanent ward of the government since she was 11, had a message for the province.
“I know that you see this case from numbers on paper, but we’re more than numbers on paper. We’re real people, real children who are just needing a little bit of help,” she said.
The Southern Chiefs’ Organization, which represents 34 First Nations in southern Manitoba, also posted a statement online.
“Children in care need extra protection – and not a provincial Treaty partner that steals from children,” the statement reads.
“The money provided by the federal government, called the Children’s Special Allowance, was to support children in care.”
To coincide with the hearings, the First Nations Family Advocate Office is hosting an event outside the Manitoba legislature until Oct. 28 to offer people a safe space to discuss their experiences with the child welfare system.
There are 9,850 children in care in Manitoba and 91 per cent are Indigenous, according to the province’s latest annual report.
At the end of the week, a judge may be able to force the government to repay the funds.